By T. Schneider
Those works conceal the motives and nature of pollution, its future health and environmental results, and the result of previous and current guidelines geared toward decreasing it. destiny plans to minimize degrees of air toxins, akin to sulphur dioxide, greenhouse gases and particulates also are mentioned.
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In conclusion, the European Community has, over the last 25 years played a significant role with regard to the improvement of air quality with the establishment of air quality standards and the introduction of numerous measures to reduce atmospheric emissions. However, as problems such as lead and sulphur dioxide are dealt with, new challenges such as particulate pollution and tropospheric ozone move to the top of the agenda. In the next millennium we must also pay greater attention to the international aspects of air pollution both in terms of the transboundary nature of many of our problems but also with regard to the globalization of markets for products such as vehicles and fuels and the need to develop common standards.
This will enable a source oriented, costeffective optimization. Persistent Organic Pollutants - Modelling POPs (long range) is complicated and still unsatisfactory; pesticides have been modelled on the European scale; deposition and resuspension (volatizing) processes complicate the modelling efforts. - For pesticides, interest is shifting from bio-accumulation, via soil contamination to (long-range) atmospheric transport. - (Very) Long-range transport is a US-Dutch (or CLRTAP) problem; for example Toxaphene is transported from the US Cotton Belt to Europe.
This should be achieved by introducing fertilizers, genetic manipulation (leading to, for example, drought-resistant species) and intensified educational programs. These measures should essentially counteract the ongoing, dramatic urbanization trend. Energy - Air pollution problems are almost all related to fossil fuel use. Fossil fuels will become cheap in the future. There will be a shift from oil to gas and from gas to coal. - Given the remaining uncertainties, CO2 reduction policies should be flexible.
Air Pollution in the 21st Century by T. Schneider