By Christopher J. Jewell (auth.)
Read Online or Download Agents of the Welfare State: How Caseworkers Respond to Need in the United States, Germany, and Sweden PDF
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Extra info for Agents of the Welfare State: How Caseworkers Respond to Need in the United States, Germany, and Sweden
A “residual” state intervenes only when people are unable to help themselves, for example, only after market and family breakdown. In a “handmaiden” state, policy serves other institutions, so that need is met on the basis of merit, work performance, and productivity. In the most substantive form, an “institutional-redistributive” state is a major, integrated institution in society, providing universal services on the basis of need. Esping-Andersen applied Titmuss’s model in The Three Worlds of Welfare Capitalism (1991).
These differences in economic environments and labor market structures have implications for activation programs because the policy instruments for achieving client self-sufficiency look quite different between, for example, a context of high chronic unemployment (in Bremen) and one with low unemployment and a growing low-skilled service sector (in Southern California). How these features of labor market systems become articulated in program practices and casework, though, has not been well documented.
The recognition of the difficulties in providing both “cash” and “care” by the same officials has generally led agencies to establish separate programs with activation caseworkers whose sole purpose is getting people off welfare. The entrance of local government into the area of employment policy has occurred in many countries in part because of the limited ability of national and state employment offices to assist the unemployed who receive social assistance, a population whose financial needs fall more heavily on local government (Salonen and Ulmestig 2004; Empter and Frick 2000).
Agents of the Welfare State: How Caseworkers Respond to Need in the United States, Germany, and Sweden by Christopher J. Jewell (auth.)