By Chris Johnson
Generally portrayed because the "success of the warfare on terror," Afghanistan is now in situation. more and more indifferent from the folks it's intended to serve, and not able to control the large quantities of reduction that it has sought, the management in Kabul struggles to control even the diminishing components of the rustic over which it has a few sway. Many Afghans consider themselves to be trapped, hostage among forces, either claiming to be their liberators. Drawing on lengthy adventure of residing and dealing in Afghanistan, Chris Johnson and Jolyon Leslie learn what the adjustments of modern years have intended by way of Afghans' experience in their personal identification and hopes for the long run.
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Additional resources for Afghanistan: The Mirage of Peace
Yet the political goal of using the teams to extend the remit of central government is dragging them into ever more spheres of activity. It seems that every time an intractable problem emerges, the PRTs are now deemed to be the solution. For example, there have been suggestions that peacekeepers should monitor customs revenue collection in one region, while training the police in another. Whatever the mandate, the question remains: does the international community have the will to be more assertive in efforts to bring peace to Afghanistan?
Given that at least 5 per cent of these bomblets usually fail to explode, the USA added to the deadly legacy of mines and other unexploded ordnance that has caused such suffering to Afghan civilians (Human Rights Watch 2002). On the ground, the fear of casualties meant that those armed groups who were useful to the US campaign received arms and cash, with an estimated $70 million paid out in ‘inducements’ to selected commanders during 2002 alone (Woodward 2003) The preoccupation with war resulted in the military onslaught against the Taliban moving ahead of the political process.
But the members of this ‘alliance’ had as much reason to mistrust each other as they did to join forces to ensure peace for their country. No sooner was the announcement made of the formation of the new Islamic State of Afghanistan than the alliance fell apart. Kabul now became the scene for a power struggle between four main armed groups, Dostum’s Junbish-e-Milli militia, Rabbani and Massoud’s Jamiat-i Islami, Hekmatyar’s Hizbe Islami and the largely Shi’a Hizbe Wahdat. While each had different ethnic compositions, all had overlapping areas of influence and, in some instances, shared sources of foreign support, which they supplemented with income from local taxes, customs or drugs.
Afghanistan: The Mirage of Peace by Chris Johnson