By Andreas Philippopoulos-Mihalopoulos
Supplying a unique, transdisciplinary method of environmental legislation, its ideas, mechanics and context, as verified in its software to the city surroundings, this ebook strains the conceptual and fabric absence of communique among the human and the typical and controversially contains such a lack inside of a process of legislation and a method of geography which successfully stay closed to environmental issues. The booklet seems at Niklas Luhmann's idea of autopoiesis. Introducing the foremost recommendations and operations, contextualizing them and establishing them as much as severe research. certainly, not like so much discussions on autopoiesis, it proposes a notably diverse examining of the idea, in accordance with serious criminal, political, sociological, city and ecological theories, whereas drawing from writings through Husserl and Derrida, in addition to Latour, Blanchot, Haraway, Agamben and Nancy. It explores a variety of issues within the parts of environmental legislations and concrete geography, together with: environmental chance, environmental rights, the precautionary precept, intergenerational fairness and concrete waste discourses on group, nature, technological know-how and identification. the writer redefines the conventional foundations of environmental legislation and concrete geography and indicates an intensive method of facing medical lack of information, cultural adjustments and environmental degradation in the perceived desire for felony supply of simple task.
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Extra resources for Absent Environments: Theorising Environmental Law and the City
110 Tarlock, 2004:220. 30 Absent environments the patterns that change, but also the scientiﬁcally-recommended way of evaluating such patterns. 112 The inability of environmental law to ﬁx expectations temporally, at least as adequately as other legal branches can, is not a systemic malfunction: it is simply an attribute of the system in view of the irreducible complexity of the environment. The social dimension is the second dimension in which expectations are ﬁxed. With this, Luhmann introduces the third party in the previous duel of expectations.
Still, the system observes and internalises as usual, not blown apart by the complexity that its external reference (namely, the reference to what the system is not) necessarily reports back to the system. Unless of course, the external reference does not really report on what is happening out there102 – unless the external reference is simply the ‘other’ side of the form, the contraire which is submitted to the engloblement by the self-reference, and domesticated as it ‘ought’ to be for the sake of the system.
Naturalism, on the other hand, presupposes a pre-existing law which is discovered by a rational observer (Jacobson, 1989). However, autopoiesis neither accepts pre-existence – no Grundnorm – nor reserves any role for ‘rationality’. What is more, autopoiesis is not structured hierarchically; there is no prioritisation among systems, norms or processes of production. The democracy of autopoiesis is a headless, nefarious and contingent evolutionary instance that can accommodate neither competition nor hierarchies among its elements.
Absent Environments: Theorising Environmental Law and the City by Andreas Philippopoulos-Mihalopoulos