Download e-book for kindle: A Dictionary of Music and Musicians (A.D. 1450-1880) (Volume by G. Grove

By G. Grove

ISBN-10: 1108004202

ISBN-13: 9781108004206

This can be a reissue of the 1st variation of George Grove's Dictionary of track and Musicians, which has because developed to develop into the biggest and so much authoritative paintings of its sort in English. The venture grew within the making: the identify web page of quantity 1 (1879) refers to 'two volumes', yet by the point quantity four seemed in 1889 there has been additionally a 300-page appendix and a separate index quantity. The dictionary was once a world project, with participants from Paris, Leipzig, Berlin, Vienna and Boston along these dependent in Britain. It was once 'intended to provide a very good and lengthy said wish' coming up from the elevated curiosity in all facets of track, which used to be 'rapidly turning into a necessary department of education', and to cater for the pro whereas being available to the novice. it's a interesting record of musical tastes and values within the past due Victorian interval.

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Additional info for A Dictionary of Music and Musicians (A.D. 1450-1880) (Volume 1)

Example text

The important subject of additional accompaniments to works already possessing orchestral parts, with the view of supplying the want of an organ, or obtaining the increased effects of the modern orchestra, is treated under the head of ADDITIONAL ACCOMPANIMENTS. [E. J. ] ACCORDION (Ger. BandharmoniJca, also Ziehharmonilca). A portable instrument of the free-reed species, invented at Vienna by Damian, in the year 1829. It consists of a small pair of hand-bellows, to one side of which is affixed a key-board, containing, according to the size of the instrument, from five to fifty keys.

Lowering of a note, even when it had previously This new note, the invention of which laid the been sharpened: thus foundation of all modern chromatic alterations, was called B molle (Fr. Bemol, Ital. Bemolle, =fcff still in use), and the hexachord to which it belonged and the plainsong in which it occurred •were termed respectively hexachordum molle and would be written cantus mollis, while the hexachord of G, which retained the original B, was known as hexachordum durum, and the melody employing it as cantus darus.

A prevalent custom with the 18th-century composers was to write, by way of introductory symphony, a bass part of marked character, with a direction to the effect that it was to be played on the ' loud organ, two diapasons, left hand'; and to indicate by figures a right-hand part, to be played on the 'soft organ,' of course in close harmony. , with manual &ft. coupled. Sometimes the symphony to a solo, if of an arioso character, can be very agreeably given out on a combination of stops, sounding the unison, octave, and sub-octave, of the notes played, as the stopped diapason,flute,and bourdon on the great organ ; the pedal bass, as before consisting of a light-toned sixteen-feet stop with the manual coupled.

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