By Stephen Sharot
After introducing the book's significant issues, the quantity introduces and builds upon an research of Weber's version of spiritual motion, drawing on Durkheim, Marxist students, and the paintings of latest sociologists and anthropolgists. the subsequent chapters every one concentrate on significant non secular cultures, together with Hinduism, Buddhism, Catholicism, Protestantism, Islam, Judaism, and the religions of China and Japan. This formidable venture is the 1st to supply a comparability of the preferred, or folks, varieties of faith round the world.
Sharot's obtainable introductions to every of the realm religions, synthesizing an unlimited literature on well known faith from sociology, anthropology, and historians of faith, make the venture perfect for path use. His comparative process and unique analyses will turn out profitable even for specialists on all the global religions.
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Extra resources for A Comparative Sociology of World Religions: Virtuosi, Priests, and Popular Religion
It was constituted of mutual promises: the people of Israel promised to obey God’s law, and in return, Yahweh, who had already liberated them from slavery in Egypt, would grant them domination over the promised land and protect them from their enemies. 16 The gradual crystallization of the monotheistic idea continued during the periods of the kings and the Babylonian exile and was advanced considerably by the Israelite prophets. e. promoted the majesty and universalism of Yahweh. ” The Israelite prophets provide the classic examples of the ethical prophet who proclaims himself the instrument of a transcendental god, demands obedience to that god as an ethical duty, and promises salvation if the god’s ethical code, as revealed to the prophets, is fulfilled.
32 It should be noted that Tambiah’s distinction between the instrumental and the performative is not a distinction between goal orientation and non–goal orientation. The intention to increase the rice harvest is a goal, and the expression of the value of rice in the ritual is part of a hierarchy of goals: by giving rice as gifts to Buddhist monks, actors earn merit that contributes to a good rebirth, which in turn is a stage in the long path to ultimate salvation. A single ritual may relate to both mundane and supramundane goals, and the meanings of participants can vary according to the goal that is uppermost in their minds and the kind of relationship that is conceived between means and goals.
By contrast, early Christianity’s anti-intellectual emphasis on faith, its concern with self-perfection, and its promotion of a universal ethic of conviction constituted an important advance in ethical rationalization. 29 Ethical rationalization and demagiﬁcation were closely interrelated. It was of enormous importance for the divergent tendencies of Western and Eastern civilizations that rationalization in the Near East and West included a far deeper and more extensive demagiﬁcation than in the East.
A Comparative Sociology of World Religions: Virtuosi, Priests, and Popular Religion by Stephen Sharot