's 2500 Years of Buddhism PDF

6th century B.C. was once notable for the spiritual
unrest and highbrow ferment in lots of international locations. In China
we had Lao Tzu and Confucius, in Greece Parmenides and
Empedocles, in Iran Zarathustra, in India Mahavira and the
Buddha. In that interval many notable academics worked
upon their inheritance and built new issues of
view.
The Purnima or full-moon day of the month of Vaisakha
is attached with 3 vital occasions within the lifetime of the
Buddha—birth, enlightenment and parinirvana. it truly is the
most sacred day within the Buddhist calendar. based on the
Theravada Buddhism, the Buddha’s parinirvana happened in
544 B.C.1 notwithstanding the several colleges of Buddhism have
their autonomous structures of chronology, they've got agreed
to contemplate the full-moon day of might 1956 to be the 2,500th
anniversary of the mahaparinirvana of Gautama the Buddha.
This ebook supplies a brief account of the tale of Buddhism in
the final 2,500 years

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Further on, the newly awakened Buddha met two merchants, Tapussa and Bhallika, who offered him some gruel of barley and honey. These two came to be the first lay disciples of the Buddha, and this was the beginning of the formation of a band of lay disciples. The Lord then began to have misgivings in his mind. Said he to himself: This that through many toils I have won. Enough, why should I make it known? By folk with lust and hate consumed. 3 1. Vinaya, Mahavagga, I, 1,7 (Translation by H orner).

Enraged, he vowed to take revenge on the Sakyas. Undeterred by the expostulations of the Master, he, after the death of his father, marched against Kapilavastu and put to the sword the whole Sakya clan. Great must have been the distress of the old Master to receive the news of this massacre, in spite of his sermons on Peace. Still he kept moving from place to place, delivering his ser­ mons on morality, peace, universal love and purity. Amrapali, the famous courtesan, presented her mango-grove to the Sangha, the last great gift during the Master’s lifetime.

The fourth rule in Parsva’s teaching, that of aparigraha, not to have any worldly possessions including a wife, was split up into two by Mahavira to make up his code of five. Not to take a wife or to lead a celibate life, which is the fourth rule in Mahavira’s code, and not to have worldly possessions ex­ cept clothes, which is the fifth rule in Mahavira’s code, seem to constitute jointly the fourth rule of Parsva. The main difference in the practical or external aspects of Parsva’s and MahavTra’s code of conduct thus seems to have been that while ParSva and his followers were acelakas or naked.

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2500 Years of Buddhism


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